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Program Overview

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Philosophy, Principles and Practice

IB Program Application

The Nature of the Theory of Knowledge

CAS and Supported Activities | Theory of Knowledge Information and Examples
Extended Essay Guides | May Exam Schedule (pdf) | Conduct of Examinations (pdf) | Study Skills & Links

A Course about Critical Thinking

The Theory of Knowkedge (TOK) Progarmme is central to the educational philosophy of the International Baccalaureate. It challenges students and their teachers to reflect critically on diverse ways of knowing and areas of knowledge, and to consider the role which knowledge plays in a global society. It encourages students to become aware of themselves as thinkers, to become aware of the complexity of knowledge, and to recognize the need of act responsibly in an incerasingly interconnected world.

As a thoughtful and purposeful enquiry into different ways of knowing, and into different kinds of knowledge, the TOK programme is composed almost entirely of questions. The most central of these questions is 'How do I, or how do we, know that a given assertion is true, or a given judgement is well grounded?' Assertions or judgements of this sort are termed 'knowledge claims', while the difficulties that arise in addressing these questions are the broad areas known as 'problems of knowledge'. The programme entails the application of this central question to many different, yet interrelated, topics.


The aims of the Theory of Knowledge (TOK) programme are to engage students in reflection on, and in the questioning of, the bases of knowledge, so that they:


Having followed the Theory of Knowledge (TOK) course, candidates should be able to:

An excellent guide called Writing A ToK Essay can be downloaded as a PDF file from this website. It is an invaluable resource for any Grade 11 and 12 IB Diploma student.

Understanding Knowledge Issues (pdf) is a valuable document that will help students with all ToK assessment activities.

Questions to Ask About the Various Disciplines (pdf) helps students focus on the 'ToK' elements of the areas of knowledge.

PowerPoint Slideshows about Ethics and Aesthetics.